Register No.773PHM
OwnerPowerhouse Museum
Location NSW
MakerAmelia Brown
Origin AUSTRALIA NSW
Pattern Patchwork Pieced Geometric Medallion
Datec. 1890
Dimensions (H x W in cm)226 x 197

History

The quilt was made by Amelia Brown (1817-1905) probably on a property called 'Oakvale' near Binnalong NSW about 1890. It remained in the Brown family until the late 1800s when it was given to a friend Margaret Swann (1871-1963). "The quilt stayed in the Swann family home, Elizabeth Farm, Parramatta until the house was sold in 1968. It then went with the two remaining sisters, Edith and Ruth, to their new home in Dural. When, following their deaths the estate was divided up, the quilt was given to their niece Margaret Swann. She sold the quilt in about 1978 to Leigh Taumoefolau who in turn sold it to Hoopers in Melbourne. The Museum acquired it from Hoopers." [PHM] Amelia Brown was "Born in Devon, England, the daughter of James and Mary Parsons, she had married John Brown in 1836 and at the height of the gold rushes came with him and their seven children to Sydney in 1857. One more child, a daughter was born after their arrival in Australia. The Browns settled on a property called 'Oakvale' near Binalong."
A quilt still belonging to descendants of the Brown family and almost identical in pattern and materials, is said to have been made on the voyage out to Australia. If this was the case, then this quilt may also have been made on the voyage out or shortly thereafter. The form of the coat of arms with the kangaroo and emu looking backwards over their shoulders, was a popular 'unofficial' coat of arms at the time of the gold rushes and appeared in popular magazines, illustrations and books." [PHM]
Margaret Swann "was the daughter of William and Elizabeth Swann who had lived at Bowning for three years when William Swann was appointed headmaster of the local school in 1877. The Brown children were much older than the Swann children and it is not clear how the two families met. One possibility would be that some of the Brown girls may have helped out in the Swann household. What is known is that they formed a firm friendship and when the Swann family moved to Sydney the Brown girls would come to stay. It is presumably on one of these visits that the quilt was presented to Margaret Swann." [PHM]
"Taken together with the other quilt known to have been made by Amelia Brown, this quilt can be seen as a hopeful tribute made by Amelia Brown as she was embarking on life in her new country. The simple naivety of the central motif has made it an evocative image of Australian women's needlework and one that has been used in numerous publications." [PHM]

Description

Medallion quilt pieced from square, rectangular and triangular pieces from plain and patterned cottons. Central motif is appliqued in red cotton on white background with kangaroo and emu on either side of a shield. Four stars are randomly placed on the white background. There is no padding. The backing is pieced together from different types of white material. [PHM]
2265 x 1975mm

Acknowledgements


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