HistoryThe quilt was made by Francis Jane McElhinney (1896-1965) in Londonderry Ireland pre 1926. One of two quilts brought to Australia as family luggage on the 'Barrabool' in 1926. Passed by maternal descent to the present owner, Dorothy Cawood, who is the granddaughter of Francis. The quilts were used in Ireland and Australia for extra warmth when needed. More recently they were used under the wire mattress, as dog blankets, as moving blankets to protect furniture and as drop sheets for painting. They were stored in a back shed but are now valued and stored in the owner's house. They are not now used. "My grandmother Francis Jane McElhinney (nee Patterson) was born on the 15 April 1896 at Milford, Letterkenny, Eire and died on the 22 January 1965 at Melbourne. Francis and her husband Robert lived in a two storey house at No.1 Sydney Terrace, Great James Street, Londonderry Ire, where Martha, (my mother) and Francis were born. A third daughter, Laura was born in Australia in 1926 soon after their arrival. My grandfather was a motor mechanic for Rover and my grandmother was a secretary/typist for a law company. I have a small Pitman's Shorthand Pocket Dictionary presented to her on passing her examinations dated July 1912. My mother also tells of her parents taking in boarders to supplement their income. The reason for leaving Ireland for Australia in 1926, was the opportunity for a better way of life. The quilts I have were used for bedding both here and in Ireland. My Mother used them for extra warmth when needed, but I can remember them being under the mattress on my bed, whether it was for easy storage when not is use, or it kept the draught from coming up through the wire base, then they ended up in our garage.
Their belongings came to Australia in trunks, one of which I keep my embroidery supplies. As you will see from a copy of goods and chattels sold at auction* before the family sailed a lot of quilts were left behind, perhaps too bulky or heavy to transport, or maybe they thought they would not be needed in a warm country like Australia. My grandmother did not value the quilts, they were a purely functional household item, although I wonder why these two were kept. I also have some linen pillow shams with a crochet edge and handmade buttons, that were also used on their beds. The family moved into a house (1926 or 1927) at 71 Benjamin Street, Sunshine VIC (not far from where I live) until the three girls were married and their parents passed away. My grandmother taught her three daughters to mend, darn, crochet, knit and of course, do "fancywork" which mum remembers would be done after the household chores and music practice. Mum recalls being taught to darn her socks at the age of six before she came to Australia."
[Dorothy Cawood, 13 January 1999]
* The auction sale notice lists three "P.Work Quilt" and six "Quilt" at prices ranging from 4 shillings and threepence to one shilling. ED.
DescriptionUtility quilt. Pieced pink brocade type material from old curtains forms panels down both sides. Also used in the other quilt by the same maker. The centre is a single piece of lightweight check material. Single/double thread quilting stitches. The padding is hessian and the backing is a heavy woollen type tweed.
1700 x 1600 mm